This page provides links to three distinct sets of material. The first is to
courses. We have integrated Excel into a Principles of Economics course (microeconomic emphasis) and an International Economics course. The second set of references is to published papers that relate predominantly to the materials developed for these courses. Finally, a set of work in progress is available for use in developing materials for (mostly microeconomics) courses.

Work in Progress
Contact Information

We have used Excel workbooks and ancillary material in Principles of Economics II (microeconomics) and in International Economics. In each case, the approach is to write a Study Guide for each chapter. The Study Guide provides a set of instructions, directing the user to open a specific workbook and to conduct and report the results of specific exercises. We often use the workbooks in class to illustrate the relevant principles.

  • Principles of Economics. The material in this course is primarily microeconomic. The text for the course is Gwartney, Stroup, Sobel, and Macpherson, Economics, 10th ed. The workbooks correspond to chapters in that text, with each worksheet corresponding to a graph. Using Excel allows students to introduce changes and examine the effects of these changes.

    Most of the microeconomic material in Mankiw is also available. This material was developed for the 1st editon.
  • International Economics (ECO 440). This page provides access to Excel-based counterparts to all graphs in selected chapters of Krugman and Obstfeld, International Economics: Theory and Policy (5th ed.). 

Most of these papers relate to material developed for use in the two courses above. An exception is the paper on the CES utility function.

"The Heckscher-Ohlin Model with Variable Input Coefficients in Spreadsheets," Computers in Higher Education Economics Review, 13 (1999). Develops the Heckscher-Ohlin model. The article is based on a  workbook that follows the development of Krugman and Obstfeld, International Economics.

BQuest Logo "Using Microsoft Excel to Illustrate Gains from Trade," Business Quest (2000).  The paper and the workbook develop the simple Ricardian model of trade, showing how specialization according to comparative advantage increases total product. A slightly different development that follows Krugman and Obstfeld, International Economics is here.

"Using Microsoft Excel in Principles of Economics," Computers in Higher Education Economics Review, 14 (2001). The paper shows how Excel is being used in principles of economics. Most of the graphs used in the microeconomics chapters of texts by Gwartney, Stroup, Sobel, and Macpherson; and by Mankiw are used in our principles course. See Courses above.

JEE Site "Cost Curves and How They Relate," Journal of Economic Education, 33 (2002), 89. The JEE publishes an abstract of this article. The article, in HTML format, is here. The article contains references to the workbooks used to draw the various long-run and short-run cost curves. These links may be broken. Click on the names that follow to open them:  CostCurves_Basic.xls, CostCurves_quadratic_AVC.xls,  and CostCurves_w_revenue.xls

SScore icon "Comparing Trade Instruments Using Spreadsheets," Social Science Computer Review, 20 (2002), Summer: 197 - 193. A Microsoft Word version of the paper is here. The workbook on which the article is based is here.
"Lessons from the Specific Factors Model of International Trade." Journal of Economic Education (2003): Vol. 34, No. 2. This paper is based on the development in Krugman and Obstfeld, International Economics. The Microsoft Word version of the document is here, along with the workbook upon which it is based. A PDF version is available at the JEE website.

JEE Site “Illustrating Consumer Theory with the CES Utility Function.” Journal of Economic Education (2004): Vol 35, No. 3. The Microsoft Word version of the document is here, along with the workbook upon which the paper is based.

JEE Site Analyzing Subsidies in Microsoft Excel. Journal of Economic Education (2005): Vol. 36, No. 2 is an abstract for this paper. The document is here. The document contains links to two workbooks that illustrate the relevant principles. The workbooks treat a fixed-quantity and a variable-quantity subsidy.  The links are here: housing subsidy (variable quantity) and schooling subsidy (fixed quantity).

“Analysing the Effects of Excise Taxes Using Microsoft Excel,” with Bradley N. Hopkins.  Computers in Higher Education Economics Review (2006), Vol. 18. The document is here.  Use the following links to the workbook on which the paper is based and a workbook of exercises.

JEE SiteThe Solow Growth Model: An Excel-Based Primer,” with William D. Sockwell. Journal of Economic Education (2007), Vol. 38, Issue 4. The document is here. The document contains links to a workbook and to a set of exercises.


This section contains references to a number of workbooks on which we are working. In some cases, text accompanies the workbook. In others, the workbooks stand alone. The state of development varies among the workbooks. Taken a a whole, this material covers much of the material covered by an undergraduate course in microeconomics.

Intermediate Microeconomics Topics

The material in this section derives from a set of chapters that we sketched in hopes of writing a microeconomics text with all graphs generated by Excel. We underestimated the task, but did develop quite a bit of material that can be useful in illustrating many of the models used in microeconomics.

The first set of material provides an overview of competitive (price-taker) markets. The material is quite similar in many respects to that in the relevant sections of Principles II.

Market Basics: Demand, Supply, Equilibrium, and Applications. This set of material contains two Word documents. Each document is a chapter related to a general overview of markets. 
Chapter 2:  Demand, Supply, and Elasticity relies on the four workbooks Demand_intro.xls, Supply_intro.xls, Market_intro.xls, and elasticity.xls.

The second of these two chapters, Chapter 3:  Competitive Markets and Applications addresses the efficiency of competitive (price-taker) markets, the effects of taxes, and international trade. The analysis requires the use of the three workbooks market efficiency.xls, Excise_Taxes.xls, and International_Trade.xls.

Consumer Theory. This set of material explores a model of the consumer’s response to changes in money income and prices. It also shows how consumer surplus, introduced in the preceding chapter, is derived from the utility function. It is based on a Cobb-Douglas utility function. The Journal of Economic Education article based on the CES utility function may be used along with this material. The material consists of two parts, a Word document and an Excel worbook.


"Developing Analytical Graphs in Microsoft Excel." This set of material provides insights into developing graphs that are useful for the development of economic models within Excel. The paper contains a link to the workbook. This paper is in draft form.


Economics with Microsoft Excel at Wabash College: This site has some microeconomic material. It also has a large amount of macroeconomic and econometric material.

Steve Erfle's Excel Files used in Managerial Economics: This site contains a few worksheets that relate to microeconomics and considerable material related to conducting statistical and econometric analysis in Excel.

Problems in Microeconomics: This site contains 20 workbooks, each dealing with a distinct topic in microeconomic analysis.

Basic Microeconomics: This site contains a set of workbooks that address most of the topics covered in an introductory microeconomics principles course.


Dr. Wilson Mixon 
Dana Professor of Economics Emeritus
Berry College
Mt. Berry, Georgia 30149

Dr. Soumaya M. Tohamy
Economist, United States Consumer
       Product Safety Commission
4330 East West Highway
Bethesda, Maryland 20814


Copyright 1999-2008 Berry College
Last modified: September 9, 2008

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