Events in 2005-2006
previous year's events, click here)
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The 2nd Mountain Longleaf Workshop
was held at Berry
College on November 18-19, 2005. Click here
to download a copy of the Proceedings.
the summer of 2005, we were awarded a National Fish and Wildlife
Foundation/Southern Company Longleaf Legacy grant ($41,564 plus $145,995 in
matching funds across three years).
Work on the grant began Sept. 1. This grant will enable us to complete
reforestation of 60 acres of former Southern Pine Beetle spots and will
establish a 220 acre carbon reserve.
On Freshman Service Day, August
27, a group of over 20 students from Dr. John Graham's Freshman Seminar class
helped cut "herbicide paths" through one of the areas where we have
planted longleaf pine seedlings. Very hard work, but the students did a
great job. These paths facilitated herbicide work that was later done by
our Longleaf Team.
In the summer of 2005, two
National Science Foundation REU Interns, Amy Huber and Kate Currie, conducted
research within the Berry
Longleaf area. Amy conducted research which attempted to quantify total
carbon reserves (in anticipation of the NFWF-Southern Company grant). Kate conducted the first systematic herbaceous plant
surveys within the stands undergoing restoration. Below are copied abstracts of their work, which
are included as part of the proceedings from
the 2nd Mountain Longleaf Workshop.
Estimation of Carbon Storage in a Mountain Longleaf Ecosystem Of Northwestern Georgia. Amy Huber (Miami
Ohio) Martin Cipollini (Berry
Abstract: The mountain longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) has a
high density, long life span, and is thus able to sequester large amounts of
carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Much interest has gathered recently in
estimative carbon storage of forests as a means of addressing the global rise
in carbon dioxide. The goal of this research was to provide an estimate of
total carbon reserves in five mountain longleaf stands at Berry College.
Because current methods of estimating biomass are not intended for mountain
longleaf forests, it was necessary to correct the methods to reflect local
conditions. Estimates for carbon storage were made using the Brown method for
all biomass except downed woody material and trees larger than 10 ft. For trees
larger than 10 ft. allometric equations for individual species were used to
estimate biomass. To estimate downed woody material biomass, a correction
factor for downed woody material was established by comparing the Brown method
estimations to fixed area masses. These results were combined to estimate the
total biomass for the study areas based upon data collected in 2004.
A Survey of the Herbaceous Vegetation Found in the Berry Longleaf Pine Management Area.
Kate Currie , J. Morgan Varner, John Kush, and Martin Cipollini
Abstract: The Berry Longleaf Management Plan is an ongoing attempt to
restore the Berry
College mountain longleaf
ecosystem to its natural, fire-maintained habitat. The target ecosystem type is
found at fire-maintained longleaf sites in Fort McClellan, AB.
To monitor the management plan's progress, a survey of the herbaceous vegetation
was conducted in the summer of 2005. Presence and cover values were obtained
for every species encountered, and importance values were calculated from these
data. The presence of longleaf indicator species (Varner et al 2000, 2003) was
also noted. Of the top eleven species ranked by importance value, seven species
were longleaf indicator species, and 15 of 21 indicator species were present in
the surveyed areas as a whole. In addition, the raw presence data were combined
with presence data from the Fort
McClellan sites, and a
principal component analysis was carried out using the combined data. This
analysis revealed a clear separation between the Berry
stands and the Fort
McClellan stands. Major
sources of variation in this analysis included fire-adapted species and in the Fort McClellan
stands and shade-loving, non-fire adapted species in the Berry stands. Overall, the survey revealed
an ecosystem still suffering from fire suppression and hardwood encroachment,
but showing clear signs of recovery on smaller scales.
For the past two years, Brianna Bennett has conducted master's thesis
work on the effects of restoration burning on root dynamics in one of our
relict mountain longleaf stands. She finished her work in the spring of
2005. Click here to link to
Brianna's thesis (West
On May 26, 2005 a group of Armuchee Middle School students helped to weed
and place weed-block fabric around longleaf seedlings in our seed
orchard. Some photos from that day:
On Saturday, May 5, 2005 a group of
student volunteers (coordinated by Harley Gambrell of Berry's Volunteer Services office) assisted
with cleaning the Longleaf Trail and helping to maintain the signs posted along
the trail. BVS participants included Kelly Bearden
, Sarah Earl
, Laura Holland
, Trey Shaw
, Jennifer Welch
, Richard McLaughlin
, George Frye
and Ian Cipollini. Students from the Forest
Ecology class who helped out included: Carrie Coffman, Lisa Ferrone, Josh
Gutierrez, James Kane, Carolyn Kujala, Sonal Pattni, Larry Rogers, and Maya
Strahl. Here is a photo of the group.
On Friday, February 18, 2005 Mr.
John Hendrickson (Temple Inland) and Mr. Marlin Cox and Dr. Bill Davin (Berry College)
helped conduct some grafting experiments using scions from adult old-growth
longleaf. We intend to eventually graft at least 50 individual adult
trees onto the rootstock of 100 longleaf trees already established in the area
behind Westscott Hall. Ms. Andrea Jones and Dr. George Gallagher (Berry College
Animal Sciences) and Mr. Kirk Hinson (Southern Seed Company) are collaborators
on this long-term project. In the photos below, John (left) and Marlin
(middle) graft trees in the field in February. On the right shows one of
the successful grafts 8 months later!